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BooleanExpression

qiskit.circuit.classicalfunction.BooleanExpression(expression, name=None, var_order=None)GitHub(opens in a new tab)

Bases: ClassicalElement

The Boolean Expression gate.

Parameters


Attributes

base_class

Get the base class of this instruction. This is guaranteed to be in the inheritance tree of self.

The “base class” of an instruction is the lowest class in its inheritance tree that the object should be considered entirely compatible with for _all_ circuit applications. This typically means that the subclass is defined purely to offer some sort of programmer convenience over the base class, and the base class is the “true” class for a behavioural perspective. In particular, you should not override base_class if you are defining a custom version of an instruction that will be implemented differently by hardware, such as an alternative measurement strategy, or a version of a parametrised gate with a particular set of parameters for the purposes of distinguishing it in a Target from the full parametrised gate.

This is often exactly equivalent to type(obj), except in the case of singleton instances of standard-library instructions. These singleton instances are special subclasses of their base class, and this property will return that base. For example:

>>> isinstance(XGate(), XGate)
True
>>> type(XGate()) is XGate
False
>>> XGate().base_class is XGate
True

In general, you should not rely on the precise class of an instruction; within a given circuit, it is expected that Instruction.name should be a more suitable discriminator in most situations.

condition

The classical condition on the instruction.

condition_bits

Get Clbits in condition.

decompositions

Get the decompositions of the instruction from the SessionEquivalenceLibrary.

definition

Return definition in terms of other basic gates.

duration

Get the duration.

label

Return instruction label

mutable

Is this instance is a mutable unique instance or not.

If this attribute is False the gate instance is a shared singleton and is not mutable.

name

Return the name.

num_clbits

Return the number of clbits.

num_qubits

Return the number of qubits.

params

return instruction params.

unit

Get the time unit of duration.


Methods

add_decomposition

add_decomposition(decomposition)

Add a decomposition of the instruction to the SessionEquivalenceLibrary.

assemble

assemble()

Assemble a QasmQobjInstruction

broadcast_arguments

broadcast_arguments(qargs, cargs)

Validation and handling of the arguments and its relationship.

For example, cx([q[0],q[1]], q[2]) means cx(q[0], q[2]); cx(q[1], q[2]). This method yields the arguments in the right grouping. In the given example:

in: [[q[0],q[1]], q[2]],[]
outs: [q[0], q[2]], []
      [q[1], q[2]], []

The general broadcasting rules are:

  • If len(qargs) == 1:

    [q[0], q[1]] -> [q[0]],[q[1]]
  • If len(qargs) == 2:

    [[q[0], q[1]], [r[0], r[1]]] -> [q[0], r[0]], [q[1], r[1]]
    [[q[0]], [r[0], r[1]]]       -> [q[0], r[0]], [q[0], r[1]]
    [[q[0], q[1]], [r[0]]]       -> [q[0], r[0]], [q[1], r[0]]
  • If len(qargs) >= 3:

    [q[0], q[1]], [r[0], r[1]],  ...] -> [q[0], r[0], ...], [q[1], r[1], ...]

Parameters

Returns

A tuple with single arguments.

Raises

CircuitError – If the input is not valid. For example, the number of arguments does not match the gate expectation.

Return type

Iterable(opens in a new tab)[tuple(opens in a new tab)[list(opens in a new tab), list(opens in a new tab)]]

c_if

c_if(classical, val)

Set a classical equality condition on this instruction between the register or cbit classical and value val.

Note

This is a setter method, not an additive one. Calling this multiple times will silently override any previously set condition; it does not stack.

control

control(num_ctrl_qubits=1, label=None, ctrl_state=None, annotated=False)

Return the controlled version of itself.

Implemented either as a controlled gate (ref. ControlledGate) or as an annotated operation (ref. AnnotatedOperation).

Parameters

Returns

Controlled version of the given operation.

Raises

QiskitError – unrecognized mode or invalid ctrl_state

copy

copy(name=None)

Copy of the instruction.

Parameters

name (str(opens in a new tab)) – name to be given to the copied circuit, if None then the name stays the same.

Returns

a copy of the current instruction, with the name updated if it was provided

Return type

qiskit.circuit.Instruction

from_dimacs_file

classmethod from_dimacs_file(filename)

Create a BooleanExpression from the string in the DIMACS format. :param filename: A file in DIMACS format.

Returns

A gate for the input string

Return type

BooleanExpression

Raises

FileNotFoundError(opens in a new tab) – If filename is not found.

inverse

inverse(annotated=False)

Invert this instruction.

If annotated is False, the inverse instruction is implemented as a fresh instruction with the recursively inverted definition.

If annotated is True, the inverse instruction is implemented as AnnotatedOperation, and corresponds to the given instruction annotated with the “inverse modifier”.

Special instructions inheriting from Instruction can implement their own inverse (e.g. T and Tdg, Barrier, etc.) In particular, they can choose how to handle the argument annotated which may include ignoring it and always returning a concrete gate class if the inverse is defined as a standard gate.

Parameters

annotated (bool(opens in a new tab)) – if set to True the output inverse gate will be returned as AnnotatedOperation.

Returns

The inverse operation.

Raises

CircuitError – if the instruction is not composite and an inverse has not been implemented for it.

is_parameterized

is_parameterized()

Return True .IFF. instruction is parameterized else False

power

power(exponent)

Creates a unitary gate as gate^exponent.

Parameters

exponent (float(opens in a new tab)) – Gate^exponent

Returns

To which to_matrix is self.to_matrix^exponent.

Return type

.library.UnitaryGate

Raises

CircuitError – If Gate is not unitary

repeat

repeat(n)

Creates an instruction with gate repeated n amount of times.

Parameters

n (int(opens in a new tab)) – Number of times to repeat the instruction

Returns

Containing the definition.

Return type

qiskit.circuit.Instruction

Raises

CircuitError – If n < 1.

reverse_ops

reverse_ops()

For a composite instruction, reverse the order of sub-instructions.

This is done by recursively reversing all sub-instructions. It does not invert any gate.

Returns

a new instruction with

sub-instructions reversed.

Return type

qiskit.circuit.Instruction

simulate

simulate(bitstring)

Evaluate the expression on a bitstring.

This evaluation is done classically.

Parameters

bitstring (str(opens in a new tab)) – The bitstring for which to evaluate.

Returns

result of the evaluation.

Return type

bool(opens in a new tab)

soft_compare

soft_compare(other)

Soft comparison between gates. Their names, number of qubits, and classical bit numbers must match. The number of parameters must match. Each parameter is compared. If one is a ParameterExpression then it is not taken into account.

Parameters

other (instruction) – other instruction.

Returns

are self and other equal up to parameter expressions.

Return type

bool(opens in a new tab)

synth

synth(registerless=True, synthesizer=None)

Synthesis the logic network into a QuantumCircuit.

Parameters

Returns

A circuit implementing the logic network.

Return type

QuantumCircuit

to_matrix

to_matrix()

Return a Numpy.array for the gate unitary matrix.

Returns

if the Gate subclass has a matrix definition.

Return type

np.ndarray

Raises

CircuitError – If a Gate subclass does not implement this method an exception will be raised when this base class method is called.

to_mutable

to_mutable()

Return a mutable copy of this gate.

This method will return a new mutable copy of this gate instance. If a singleton instance is being used this will be a new unique instance that can be mutated. If the instance is already mutable it will be a deepcopy of that instance.

validate_parameter

validate_parameter(parameter)

Gate parameters should be int, float, or ParameterExpression

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