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class qiskit.opflow.expectations.AerPauliExpectation

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Bases: ExpectationBase

An Expectation converter for using Aer’s operator snapshot to take expectations of quantum state circuits over Pauli observables.

Deprecated since version 0.24.0

The class qiskit.opflow.expectations.aer_pauli_expectation.AerPauliExpectation is deprecated as of qiskit-terra 0.24.0. It will be removed in the Qiskit 1.0 release. For code migration guidelines, visit in a new tab).




Compute the variance of the expectation estimator. Because Aer takes this expectation with matrix multiplication, the estimation is exact and the variance is always 0, but we need to return those values in a way which matches the Operator’s structure.


exp_op (OperatorBase) – The full expectation value Operator after sampling.


The variances or lists thereof (if exp_op contains ListOps) of the expectation value estimation, equal to 0.

Return type

list(opens in a new tab) | float(opens in a new tab)



Accept an Operator and return a new Operator with the Pauli measurements replaced by AerSnapshot-based expectation circuits.


operator (OperatorBase) – The operator to convert. If it contains non-hermitian terms, the operator is decomposed into hermitian and anti-hermitian parts.


The converted operator.

Return type


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