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qiskit.algorithms.time_evolvers.variational.RealMcLachlanPrinciple(qgt=None, gradient=None) GitHub(opens in a new tab)

Bases: RealVariationalPrinciple

Class for a Real McLachlan’s Variational Principle. It aims to minimize the distance between both sides of the Schrödinger equation with a quantum state given as a parametrized trial state. The principle leads to a system of linear equations handled by a linear solver. The real variant means that we consider real time dynamics.


  • qgt (BaseQGT | None) – Instance of a the GQT class used to compute the QFI. If None provided, LinCombQGT is used.
  • gradient (BaseEstimatorGradient | None) – Instance of a class used to compute the state gradient. If None provided, LinCombEstimatorGradient is used.


AlgorithmError – If the gradient instance does not contain an estimator.



evolution_gradient(hamiltonian, ansatz, param_values, gradient_params=None)

Calculates an evolution gradient according to the rules of this variational principle.


  • hamiltonian (BaseOperator) – Operator used for Variational Quantum Time Evolution.
  • ansatz (QuantumCircuit) – Quantum state in the form of a parametrized quantum circuit.
  • param_values (Sequence[float(opens in a new tab)]) – Values of parameters to be bound.
  • gradient_params (Sequence[Parameter] | None) – List of parameters with respect to which gradients should be computed. If None given, gradients w.r.t. all parameters will be computed.


An evolution gradient.


AlgorithmError – If a gradient job fails.

Return type


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